Nov. 08, 2019 Source： 电子发烧友网
Music has powerful magic. For example, a movie without a soundtrack will not stimulate the same emotional response. So, is there any way to quantify these responses? If so, can you reverse it? In a recent new paper, researchers at the University of Southern California draw elements of tone, rhythm, etc. and observe how they induce different types of brain activity, physiological responses, and mood changes so that artificial intelligence learns how to use these relationships. Predict people's reaction to a new piece of music. With the help of the machine, they were able to reverse the study of humans. And this also reflects a major function that artificial intelligence is easily overlooked: to help humans better understand the world and themselves.
As a fast-growing “emerging” industry, artificial intelligence aims to understand the essence of intelligence and produce a new intelligent machine that can respond in a similar way to human intelligence. Research in this field includes robots and languages. Identification, image recognition, natural language processing, and expert systems. Since the birth of artificial intelligence, the theory and technology have become more and more mature, and the application fields have been expanding.
When most people in modern society refer to artificial intelligence, they often have the idea: "Does the existence of artificial intelligence replace the meaning of human existence?" For example, the existence of a fully automatic isolation bar may The job of the toll collector no longer exists, and the automatic accounting system is obviously more efficient and accurate than the basic accountant. In fact, is this concern really a reality?
Give an example of a life change, that is, cancer diagnosis. When doctors suspect that you have cancer, they will first sample it and give it to a pathologist who will then use the microscope to look at the sample. Pathologists look at hundreds of slides and millions of cells every day. So in order to support this work, several researchers have made an artificial intelligence classifier. Now, this classifier can already be distinguished by pictures: "Is this cancer?" Although the classifier is quite powerful, it is far from the accuracy of humans: most humans can correctly read it.
However, the interesting thing about things is that humans are better at judging false positive cases, while machines are better at judging cases that are difficult to distinguish. When the machine is combined with human capabilities, the correct rate can reach 99.5%. By adding artificial intelligence to collaboration, human pathologists can reduce 85% of errors in personal judgment. That is to say, by combining the capabilities of humans and machines, the cooperative relationship created can greatly enhance the original level of human beings.
So, we can choose how to use this powerful technology. We can choose to use artificial intelligence to do automated work and compete with us; or we can choose to use artificial intelligence to do the work of enhancement and cooperate with us. In this way, we can overcome our own cognitive limitations and help ourselves to do what we really want to do, and do better. As we discover new ways to give intelligence to machines, we can move that intelligence to all the artificial intelligence assistants around the world to ensure that everyone can benefit from it. That's why every time the machine gets smarter, we become smarter. And this is why artificial intelligence is worth promoting.
At the heart of artificial intelligence is that it can be seen as a process of turning unstructured information into useful and actionable knowledge. The scientific promise of artificial intelligence is that we can comprehensively automate and optimize this process, and then use technology as a tool to help us quickly acquire new knowledge in some areas – for humans, these areas are still overwhelming.
Of course, like any powerful technology, artificial intelligence must be used in a responsible and ethical manner so that everyone can benefit from it. We must also clearly recognize the practicality and limitations of artificial intelligence algorithms. However, due to the close attention to artificial intelligence and more research on the impact of relevant data quality, we will one day find that artificial intelligence supports the work of various experts by discovering patterns and sources that can escape the human eye. The aspect plays a vital role.
It is this cooperation between scientists and algorithms that will determine the specific achievements of scientific progress in the coming decades. Artificial intelligence will have a high probability of becoming a solution that scientists can deploy, thereby improving the quality of our daily lives so that all of us can work faster and more efficiently. If we can deploy these tools extensively and appropriately, creating a vibrant environment where everyone can participate and benefit from it, then we have the opportunity to enrich and advance the overall development of humanity.
In the process, we may also learn something about ourselves. When we discover more about the learning process itself and compare it to the human brain, we can one day better understand what makes humans unique, such as revealing some long-standing mysteries in thinking, such as Dreams, creativity, and even consciousness.
If artificial intelligence can not only help our society as a whole save the environment, cure diseases and explore the universe, but also better understand ourselves, this may eventually become one of the greatest discoveries of mankind.
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